Quantum computing, which has wide-ranging applications in optimization, research and cryptography, is driven by these organizations:
- End-to-end solution providers
- Quantum hardware builders
- Software & services companies
- Research labs
- Companies that use quantum computers in their business (Not the focus of this article)
Quantum hardware is an emerging computing technology which relies on complex hardware. As in the early days of personal computing, there are companies specialized on hardware, software and end-to-end solutions. In the early days of computing, Apple built end-to-end solutions, while Microsoft specialized in software and many OEMs and IBM (Original Equipment Manufacturers) specialized in hardware and services.
In addition to these, research labs (like the Bell Labs during the personal computing revolution) play an important role in driving research.
In some market maps, technology enablers or subscription services are considered separate parts of the ecosystem, however we preferred to consider these as hardware or software providers.
This division of companies is based on our research of 4 quantum computing ecosystem maps by leading companies in the space. If you want to know what quantum computing is before we dive in, feel free to read our comprehensive article on quantum computing
. For more info on quantum computing (QC) companies:
Different Perspectives On Quantum Computing Ecosystem
In all 4 ecosystem maps on quantum computing, software and hardware vendors were identified. However, there are also significant differences between these ecosystem maps. BCG focuses on end-to-end providers, Tracxn includes research labs, Everest points out startups and Tractics focuses on use cases of quantum computing.
Because quantum computing is still a developing technology, it is difficult to draw definite limits in the ecosystem. When looking at quantum computing from different sides, different ecosystem maps can be prepared. Especially large companies can take place in different areas of the ecosystem at the same time.